- Established formally by a decision of the British government in September 1944 to join in the Allied fight against theAxis in World War II. Its origins go back to 1939, when some 130,000 Palestinian Jews registered as volunteers for military service against the Axis. During the war, the members of the unit served in various capacities in the fight against Nazi Germany and its allies, primarily in operations in the Middle East.
Historical Dictionary of Israel. Bernard Reich David H. Goldberg. Edited by Jon Woronoff..
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